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Attire & Beautification / A small amount of gold in men’s clothing

A small amount of gold in men’s clothing

publish date : 2014-06-02 | Views : 4552
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Respected Shaykh, assalamu alaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh. Some international hospitals place a small piece of gold on the white [doctor’s] coat as a symbol of the hospital. So what is the ruling on wearing it? الذهب اليسير في لباس الرجل

Praise be to Allah, and may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah, his family and his companions.   Wa alaykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh.   The scholars are in unanimous agreement on the prohibition of men wearing a large amount of pure gold, whether it is a piece by itself, or part of something else. This is due to the many sources of evidence prohibiting the wearing of gold for men. From among these, is what was narrated in the hadith of Ibn `Umar (may Allah be pleased with him), that the Prophet (peace be upon him) took to wearing a gold ring, so the people took to wearing the like of it. So when he saw that they had taken to wearing it, he threw off his ring and said, “I will never wear it.” [Bukhari (5866) and Muslim (2091)]   In relation to that is also that which was narrated in the hadith of `Ali bin Abi Talib (may Allah be pleased with him), that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) took hold of some silk in his left hand and some gold in his right, then he raised his hands and said, “These two are forbidden for the males of my nation, and permitted for the females.” [Ahmad (937), Abu Dawud (4057), Nasa’i (5144) and Ibn Majah (3595)]   However, the scholars hold different views regarding a man wearing a small amount of gold that is a part of something else. According to the majority of Maliki, Shafi`i and Hanbali scholars, it is forbidden, based upon the general prohibition in the aforementioned texts.   Another group of scholars hold the view that it is permissible for a man to wear a small amount of gold that is part of something else, such as the buttons on a garment, the hands of a watch, the buttons of a robe and the likes of it. This is the opinion of the Hanafis. It is also an opinion in the madh'hab of Imam Ahmad, which was chosen by Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah. They based the permissibility on what was narrated in the hadith of Mu`awiyah (may Allah be pleased with him), that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) forbade wearing gold unless it was broken [into smaller pieces]. [Ahmad (16391), Abu Dawud (4239) and Nasa’i (5149)]   Ibn Al-Qayyim said, “I heard Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah say, ‘The hadith of Mu`awiyah concerning the permissibility of gold in general, is in regards to a piece [of gold] which is a part of something else, such as in a banner and its like.’” [Tahdhib al-Sunan (11/202)]   Another hadith testifies to this interpretation; from the hadith of Suwayd bin Ghaflah, that `Umar addressed us at a place known as Jabiyah [in Syria], and he said, “The Prophet (peace be upon him) forbade us the wearing of silk, but to the extent of two, three, or four fingers.” [Muslim (2069)]   So the Prophet (peace be upon him) exempted a small amount of silk that was part of something else. Thus we know that what is prohibited is the pure form. Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) said, “It is only a garment wholly made of silk which the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) forbade. But there is no harm in the ornamented border and the wrap.” [Tabarani, and graded as hasan (good) by Ibn Hajr in al-Fath (10/294)]   Gold and silk take the same ruling and meaning. So when permission was granted in silk, the same was confirmed for gold.   And Allah knows best.

  Your brother,

Dr. Khalid al-Muslih

  19 / 10 / 1428 AH

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