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Hadith and its sciences / Reconciling between the hadith: “There is no infection and no evil omen” and the hadi

Reconciling between the hadith: “There is no infection and no evil omen” and the hadi

publish date : 2014-09-20 | Views : 3130
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Dear respected Shaykh, assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh. How do we reconcile between the Prophet’s (peace be upon him) statement: “There is no infection and no evil omen” and his statement: “Run away from the leper as you would run away from a lion?” الجمع بين حديث: (لا عدوى ولا طيرة) و: ( وفر من المجذوم فرارك من الأسد

Praise be to Allah, and may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah, his family and his companions. Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh. As to what follows: In response to your question, we say: A number of scholars are of the opinion that the hadiths of running away from the leper were abrogated by the hadiths which negated infection. Most of the scholars are of the opinion that there is no abrogation in this issue and what is imperative is to either reconcile  the hadiths or give preponderance to some of the hadiths over others. The scholars adopted both these methods. My view is that the preponderant opinion is that it is possible to reconcile the hadiths and that is through two ways: Firstly: to say that what is meant by negating infection is negating the ignorant belief that that the disease infects in and of itself without Allah the Exalted’s will and decree. The Prophet’s command to flee from the leper and similar injunctions are an indication that infection is one of the means of transmission of diseases. Thus the Prophet’s command to flee from the leper is an establishment of the causes of infection, and his negation of infection means that infection does not occur in and of itself. Secondly: to say that the Prophet’s (peace be upon him) negation of infection is a complete negation, and that infection has no effect at all, because many times people will mingle with a sick person and they will be not be afflicted by the disease that he is suffering from.  As for the Prophet’s command to flee from a leper; it is so that the mingling person is not affected by the disease by Allah’s decree and think that the hadith of the Prophet (peace be upon him) is contrary to reality, and this will lead to believing in what Allah and His Messenger negated.   In any case, it is imperative for a Muslim to believe that the statements of the Prophet (peace be upon him) are true and there is no contradiction between them. Whatever contradiction that seems to be in the statements of the Prophet (peace e upon him) is perceived and not real contradiction. The hadiths are a form of revelation as Allah the Exalted said, “ Nor does he speak of (his own) desire. It is not but a revelation revealed” [An-Najm 53: 3-4]. And Allah knows best.

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