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Hadith and its sciences / A discussion on the reason for the revelation of the verse “To Us are known those of

A discussion on the reason for the revelation of the verse “To Us are known those of

publish date : 2014-09-20 | Views : 2102
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Dear respected Shaykh, assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh. What is the authenticity of the hadith which was transmitted by an-Nasai which mentioned that people used to go to the last lines of prayer in the Prophet’s mosque to look at a beautiful woman who used to pray in the mosque and Allah revealed the verse, “To Us are known those of you who hasten forward, and those who lag behind” [al-Hijri 15: 24]? الكلام حول سبب نزول قوله تعالى ( ولقد علمنا المستقدمين..) الآية

Praise be to Allah, and may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah, his family and his companions. Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh. As to what follows: In response to your question, we say:   This hadith was transmitted by Ahmad, at-Tirmithi, an-Nasai (1870) and ibn Majah. They all transmitted it from Nuh ibn Qais from Abu al-Jawza from ibn ‘Abbas who said, “There was a woman who used to pray behind the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) who was one of the most beautiful people. Some of the people used to go to the front row to avoid seeing her, and some used to go to the back row so that when they bowed they could see her from beneath their armpits. Then Allah revealed the words: 'To Us are known those of you who hasten forward and those who lag behind" [al-Hijri 15: 24]. In his comments on the explanation of the verse, ibn Kathir said, “This hadith was transmitted by very few narrators”. He also said, “This hadith is highly denounced. It was transmitted by ‘Abdur Razaq in his book al-Musannaf from Ja’far ibn Sulayman from ‘Amr ibn Malik..” What is apparent is that the hadith is a statement of Abu al-Jawza and ibn ‘Abbas did not mention it. Ibn ‘Abbas said that Abu al-Jawza was a weak narrator. Thus this hadith is not authentic. 

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