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Prayer / Saying Basmalah aloud in Prayer.

Saying Basmalah aloud in Prayer.

publish date : 2016-01-09 | Views : 3995
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What is the ruling on saying Basmalah aloud in Prayer and continuing in doing that?

الجهر بالبسملة في الصلاة

Praise be to Allah, and may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah, his family and his companions.
As to what follows:
With regards to answering your question we say, success is by Allah Almighty.
Many scholars from among the sahabah and those who came after them are of the view that it is sunnah to recite basmalh silently in prayers that are read aloud. This is also the opinion of the majority of jurists basing on the hadith narrated by Muslim (605) on the authority of Qatada from Anas Ibn Malik who said:
“I observed prayer along with the Messenger of Allah (peace be on him) and with Abu Bakr, Umar and Uthman (may Allah be pleased with all of them), but I never heard any one of them reciting Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Rahim loudly.”
The wording of Bukhari (701) is:
“The Prophet, Abu Bakr and Umar used to start the prayer with "Al hamdu li l-lahi Rabbil alamin (All praise is but to Allah, Lord of the Worlds).”
This view is also indicated by a hadith narrated by Muslim (768) on the authority of Badil Ibn Maysarah from Abu al-Jawza from Aisha (May Allah be pleased with them) who said:
“The Messenger of Allah (peace be on him) used to begin prayer with takbir (saying Allahu Akbar) and the recitation: "Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Universe.”
This is what is affirmed on The Messenger of Allah (peace be on him).
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah in Majmu’ al-Fatawa (22/275) said: it is not established that The Messenger of Allah (peace be on him) used to say it – Basmalah - loudly, and there is no authentic narration in the books of Hadith which explicitly say that and all the hadith which say that he used to say it aloud are weak or fabricated.
When Al-Daar al-Qutni authored his book on that, it was said to him: is there anything authentic on that? He replied: there is nothing authentic on The Messenger of Allah (peace be on him) but there are authentic and weak narrations on the sahabah.
Imam Shafi and a group of scholars are of the opinion that it is sunnah to say Basmalah loudly. They mentioned proofs to support their view but there is nothing on that affirmed to The Messenger of Allah (peace be on him).
In any case, this is an issue of Ijtihad (juristic deduction) and there should be no condemnation on one who chooses an opinion due to ijtihad hoping that it is the correct opinion.
Shaykh al Islam Ibn Taymiyyah sometimes held the opinion that basmalh is said loudly basing on what is reported by some sahabah and for the purposes of learning. He said: “Therefore, the correct opinion is what is mentioned by Ahamd that it is desirable to say it aloud sometimes.”

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