Al-Bukhari (1196), Muslim (1391) and others transmitted a hadeeth on the authority of Aboo Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) who narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, "There is a garden from the gardens of Paradise (rawdah) between my house and my pulpit, and my pulpit is on my Lake Fount(Al-Kauthar)." In at-Tamheed 2/287, ibn 'Abd al-Barr said, "Some scholars stated that the space of land in the Prophet's mosque where the rawdah is located will be taken to heaven on the day of Judgment, and it will be turned into a garden of Paradise. Other scholars said, "The phrase has a metaphorical meaning." Aboo 'Umar said, "The Prophet and the Sahaba used to sit in the rawdah; the Sahaba would learn the Qur'an and issues of faith, and religion there. Therefore, the rawdah was compared to Paradise because of the magnificent rewards that were earned in it. This is similar to the hadeeth where the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, "Paradise is under the shades of swords," meaning that engaging in jihaad is an action which leads to Paradise. This is also comparable to the statement that the mother and father are doors to Paradise. This means that dutifulness to one' s parents, coupled with the performance of the obligatory duties will make a person gain entry into Paradise. This type of usage is permissible in Arabic, and it has been applied in the language. Allah knows best what the Prophet meant.
In al-Muhalla 7/283 ibn Hazm said, "With regards to the Prophet's (peace be upon him) statement: "There is a garden from the gardens of Paradise (rawdah) between my house and my pulpit, and my pulpit is on my Lake Fount (Al-Kauthar)," and his statement: " "Saihan (Oxus), Jaihan (Jaxartes), Al-Furat (Euphrates) and An-Nil (Nile) are all from the rivers of Jannah," Abu Muhammad said, "These two hadeeths do not mean what the ignorant people think that the rawdah is a piece from Paradise, and that these rivers descended from Paradise. That is invalid and false because Allah said with regards to Paradise, " Indeed, it is [promised] for you not to be hungry therein or be unclothed. And indeed, you will not be thirsty therein or be hot from the sun." [Taa Haa 118-119]. This is the undoubted description of Paradise, and not that of the rivers mentioned in the hadeeth or the rawdah. Rather, the hadeeths mean that praying in the rawdah leads to Paradise, and the rivers were attributed to Paradise because of their blessings. This is similar to a situation when a person refers to good days and says: "These are days from Paradise." This is also to the Prophet's (peace be upon him) statement: "Indeed, Paradise is under the shade of swords." In his commentary on Saheeh Muslim 9/161, An-Nawawi said, "The scholars mentioned two meanings with regards to the Prophet's statement: "There is a garden from the gardens of Paradise (rawdah) between my house and my pulpit, and my pulpit is on my Lake Fount (Al-Kawthar)." One of them is that those particular places will be transferred to Paradise. The other meaning is that worship in those places leads to Paradise. " At-Tabari said that the term "my house" in the house refers to two meanings one of which is the grave. This was stated by Zayd ibn Aslam. This opinion was also transmitted as an explanation and it stated "between my grave and my minbar." The second meaning is a house which was actually lived in. A hadeeth which states "what is between my room and my pulpit," was narrated in this regard. At-Tabari said, "These two opinions agree with each other because the Prophet's grave is in his room, and that is his house."
With regards to the Prophet's statement "and my pulpit is on my Lake Fountain (al-kawthar)," al-Qaadi said, "Most scholars said that what is meant here is the actual pulpit of the Prophet (peace be upon him) which he had in the worldly life." This is the preponderant opinion. Other scholars stated that there is a pulpit on the Prophet's lake fountain. Some scholars said that going to the Prophet's pulpit and constantly engaging in good deeds there will make a person who does that go to the Prophet's lake fountain, and this necessitates that such a person will drink from the fountain, and Allah knows best."
In Fath al-Baari 4/100, ibn Hajar said, "The Prophet's statement: "a garden from the gardens of Paradise," means: it is like a garden from the gardens of Paradise, and happiness is acquired in it through constantly being in the circles of knowledge there, especially during the time of the Prophet (peace be upon him). Thus this is a comparison without a comparative device. The meaning could be also that worship there leads to Paradise. Thus, the hadeeth will be metaphorical. It could also be that the hadeeth has a real meaning which is the real garden, and this means that the particular spot will be in Paradise in the Hereafter. This is how the scholars interpreted this hadeeth. The strongest opinion is the first opinion followed by other opinions in a descending order."
In Fath al-Baari 11/475, ibn Hajar said, "What is meant by referring to that spot as a garden is that this spot will be transferred to Paradise, and it will be a garden from its gardens. It could also be that the hadeeth has a metaphorical meaning because worship in the rawdah leads to Paradise. This is a moot point because that spot does not have this distinction. Rather, the hadeeth was transmitted to indicate additional honor of that place over the other places. Some scholars said: "There is a comparison without a comparative device in the hadeeth, and the hadeeth means like a garden (of Paradise). This is because the angels, the believing people and jinn who go there remember Allah abundantly, and engage in other types of worship. " Al-Khattaabi said, "The objective of this hadeeth is to encourage people to stay in Medina, and that a person who constantly remembers Allah in the mosques of Medina will end up in the garden of Paradise, and he will drink water from the Prophet's lake fountain on the day of Judgment."
ما بين بيتي ومنبري روضة من رياض الجنة